"Biopolymers from Syngas Fermentation"

Press Releases, General Publications, Videos & Scientific Papers:


May 2016: SYNPOL general presentation entitled "Biorrefinerías para la producción de bioplásticos a partir de basuras municipales: el gran reto del proyecto SYNPOL"

(in Spanish in RevistaPlásticosModernos):  

Read the article here:


February 2016: SYNPOL general presentation entitled "La basura como fuente de energía"

(in Spanish on divulgaUNED):  

Watch the article using this link:




April 2015:  SYNPOL presents a second official video in Spanish language entitled: "8 preguntas al coordinador del proyecto europeo SYNPOL". ("8 questions to the coordinator of the European project SYNPOL"). 

Watch the video using this link:




January/February 2014:  SYNPOL is represented by HES-SO in CHIMIA Vol. 68 (Issue 1/2):81-82.  



January/February 2014:  SYNPOL is represented by HES-SO in German language in CHEMIE PLUS Vol. 1/2-2014 (pages 4-6).


March 2014: SYNPOL press release entitled "When urban waste become bioplastics" (CORDIS or AlphaGalileo) or "Algas para fabricar bioplástico" (in Spanish on EuroNews):


March/April 2014:  SYNPOL is presented in our first official video (produced by entitled: "Microbes - The new bioplastic factories".  A co-production together with the EU FP7 KBBE project  SPLASH. Watch the video using this link:

Watch another video version here:    CLICK  HERE !!! 

Or the Spanish version here:    CLICK HERE !!!

Or the German version here:  CLICK HERE !!! 

Or in French from RTSR (Radio Télévision Suisse Romande) :   

                                                       CLICK  HERE !!!


May 2014:  SYNPOL is represented by HES-SO in German language in LaborPraxis Vol. May-2014 (pages 24-27).



June 2014:  SYNPOL is presented in the scientific publication entitled "Trash to treasure: production of biofuels and commodity chemicals via syngas fermenting microorganisms" by H. Latif et al.  in Current Opinion in Biotechnology  Vol. 27-2014:79-87 (page 85).


September 2014:  SYNPOL is represented by HES-SO via a radio interview (with Dr. Stéphanie Follonier as representative) entitled "Du plastique sans petrole" (on French speaking television and radio channel RTS, Radio Télévision Suisse.

Listen to the interview at:


October 2014:  SYNPOL is represented by CSIC-CIB (together with our partner project BioConSepT) in the new edition of the Bioplastics Magazine (no. 5/2014, September/October 2014, pages 28-30); Title: "Next generation chemical building blocks and bioplastics". 


November 2014:  SYNPOL is represented by UNIMAN in the new research broschure entitled "Discovery through innovation" (on page 23).



 April 2013:  Press releases via CORDIS entitled  "SYNPOL project aims at converting waste into bioplastics", "Scientists and technologists put spotlight on converting waste into bioplastics" and "Extracting valuable resources from waste to make new bioplastics"


April 2013:  SYNPOL is presented in Smithers Rapra´s BIOPLASTIC WORLD - Vol. 1 (Issue 8): 2-3.  



May 2013:  SYNPOL is presented in Spanish language in ASPAPEL News Bulletin - no. 290 (page 6).


May 2013: Radio interview (in Spanish language) with the SYNPOL Coordinator Prof. José Luis García in the program called "A la carta: a hombros de gigantes".

Listen to his interview in the space between minutes 4:50 and 7:50 of the complete program by using the following link:



July 2013:  German press release for Germany, Austria and Switzerland entitled "Verschwendet keinen Müll!"  (in engl.: "Don´t waste Waste!").


August 2013:  Presentation of the project entitled "Waste Conversion Technologies: Bioplastics from Syngas Fermentation" in the G.I.T. Laboratory Journal Europe - Vol. 17 (Issue 7-8):14-15.


October 2013:  SYNPOL is presented under the title "Bioplastic compounds produced in cell factories - SYNPOL uses carbon sources from waste through syngas fermentation" in the CommNet Innovation Catalogue 2013 (pages 24 & 25).



December 2013:  SYNPOL is represented by CSIC-INCAR under the title "Bioplastics via microwave pyrolysis of wastes" in the Ampere Newsletter 79, December 2013 (pages 1 -  5)


Scientific Publications (2013 - 2017):

  • S. Karmann, S. Panke and M. Zinn


The Bistable Behaviour of Pseudomonas putida KT2440 during PHA Depolymerization under Carbon Limitation.

MDPI Bioengineering 2017, 4(2), 58; doi:10.3390/bioengineering4020058


  • S. Karmann, S. Follonier, D. Egger, D. Hebel, S. Panke and M. Zinn

Tailor-made PAT platform for safe syngas fermentations in batch, fed-batch and chemostat mode
with Rhodospirillum rubrum.

Microbial Biotechnology (2017); in press. Open Access.


  • T. Debuissy, E. Pollet and L. Avérous

Enzymatic synthesis of biobased poly(1,4-butylene succinate-ran-2,3-butylene succinate) copolyesters and characterization. Influence of 1,4- and 2,3-butanediol contents.

European Polymer Journal (2017), 93:103–115


  • T. Debuissy, E. Pollet and L. Avérous

Synthesis and characterization of block poly(ester-ether-urethane)s from bacterial poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) oligomers.

Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry (2017), 00, 000–000


  • A. Salazar Avalos, M. Hakkarainen and K. Odelius

 Superiorly plasticized PVC/PBSA blends through crotonic and acrylic acid functionalization of PVC.

Polymers 2017, 9(3):84


  • T. Debuissy, E. Pollet and L. Avérous

Synthesis and characterization of biobased poly(butylene succinate-ran-butylene adipate). Analysis of the composition-dependent physicochemical properties.

European Polymer Journal (2017)  87:84-98


  •  R.A. Pérez-Camargo, B. Fernández-d’Arlas, D. Cavallo, T. Debuissy, E. Pollet, L. Avérous and A.J. Müller

Tailoring the Structure, Morphology, and Crystallization of Isodimorphic Poly(butylene succinate-ran-butylene adipate) Random Copolymers by Changing Composition and Thermal History.

Macromolecules (2017)  50:597-608


  • S. Flüchter, A. Poehlein, B. Schiel-Bengelsdorf, R. Daniel, P. Dürre

Sequence of the Poly-3-Hydroxybutyrate Producer Clostridium acetireducens DSM 10703.

Genome Announcements (2016)  November/December, Volume 4, Issue 6:e01399-16

  • T. Debuissy, E. Pollet and L. Avérous

Enzymatic Synthesis of a Bio-Based Copolyester from Poly(butylene succinate) and Poly((R)-3-hydroxybutyrate): Study of Reaction Parameters on the Transesterification Rate.

Biomacromolecules (2016)  17:4054-4063

  • D. Heinrich et al.

Syngas-derived medium-chain-length PHA synthesis in engineered Rhodospirillum rubrum.

Applied and Environmental Microbiology (2016)  82(20):6132-6140   


  • T. Narancic et al.

Understanding the physiological roles of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) in Rhodospirillum rubrum S1 under aerobic chemoheterotrophic conditions.

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology (2016)  100:8901-8912  


  • S. Karmann et al.

Robust at-line quantification of poly(3-hydroxyalkanoate) biosynthesis by flow cytometry using a BODIPY 493/503-SYTO 62 double-staining. 

Journal of Microbiological Methods (2016)  131:166-171 


  • D. Beneroso et al.

Microwave-induced cracking of pyrolytic tars coupled to microwave pyrolysis for syngas production. 

Bioresource Technology (2016)  218:687-691


  • O. Revelles et al.

Syngas obtained by microwave pyrolysis of household wastes as feedstock for polyhydroxyalkanoate production in Rhodospirillum rubrum. 

Microbial Biotechnology (2016)  doi:10.1111/1751-7915.12411    


  • S. Follonier, S. Karmann, M. Romanino and M. Zinn

Production of poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates) biopolymers from syngas using Rhodospirillum rubrum: turning waste into treasure.

Chimia (2016)  70(9):647-648



  • D. Beneroso et al.

Ecotoxicity tests on solid residues from microwave induced pyrolysis of different organic residues: an addendum.

Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis (2016)  121:329-332   


  • A. Prieto

To be, or not to be biodegradable... that is the question for the biobased plastics.

Microbial Biotechnology (2016)  9(5):652–657


  • T. Debuissy, E. Pollet and L. Avérous

 Synthesis of potentially biobased copolyesters based on adipic acid and butanediols: Kinetic study between 1,4- and 2,3-butanediol and their influence on crystallization and thermal properties.

 Polymer (2016)  99:204-213


  • M. Tortajada

New waves underneath the purple strain.

 Microbial Biotechnology (2016)  doi:10.1111/1751-7915.12409 


  • X. Yang, H. Xu, K. Odelius and M. Hakkarainen

 Poly(lactide)-g-poly(butylene succinate-co-adipate) with High Crystallization Capacity and Migration Resistance.

Materials (2016)  9(5):313 


  • D. Beneroso, A. Albero-Ortiz, J. Monzó-Cabrera, A. Díaz-Morcillo, A. Arenillas, and J.A. Menéndez 

Dielectric characterization of biodegradable wastes during pyrolysis.

Fuel  (2016) 172:146‐152.

  • O. Revelles, N. Tarazona, J. L. Gracía and A. Prieto

Carbon roadmap from syngas to polyhydroxyalkanoates in Rhodospirillum rubrum.

Environmental Microbiology (2016)  18:708-720.

  • D. Beneroso, J.M. Bermúdez,  A. Arenillas, F. de la Peña, J.L. García, A. Prieto, and J.A. Menéndez

Oil fractions from the pyrolysis of diverse organic wastes: the different effects of conventional and microwave
induced pyrolysis.

Journal of Analytical and  Applied Pyrolysis (2015) 114:256-264.

  • J. Nogales and L. Agudo

A practical protocol for integration of transcriptomics data into genome-scale metabolic reconstructions.

CT.J. McGenity et al. (eds.), Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology Protocols, Springer Protocols Handbooks, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015.

Open Access at:,d.d24

  • J.M. Bermúdez, D. Beneroso, N. Rey-Raap, A. Arenillas, and J.A. Menéndez

    Energy consumption estimation in the scaling-up of microwave heating processes.

    Chemical Engineering and Processing (2015) 95:1-8.

    • D. Klask, M. Raberg, D. Heinrich and A. Steinbüchel

    Heterologous expression of various PHA synthase genes in Rhodospirillum rubrum.

    Chem. Biochem. Eng. Q. (2015) 29:75-85.

    doi: 10.15255/CABEQ.2014.2249

    • O. Drzyzga, O. Revelles, G. Durante-Rodríguez, E. Díaz, J. L. Gracía and A. Prieto

    New challenges for syngas fermentation: towards production of biopolymers.

    Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology (2015)  90:1735-1751.

    • X. Yang, J, Clénet, H. Xu, K. Odelius and M. Hakkarainen

    Two step extrusion process: From thermal recycling of PHB to plasticized PLA by reactive extrusion grafting of PHB degradation products onto PLA chains.

    Macromolecules (2015)  48:2509-2518.

    • P. Dürre and B.J. Eikmanns           

    C1-carbon sources for chemical and fuel production by microbial gas fermenation.

    Current Opinion in Biotechnology (2015) 35:63-72.

    • A. Meszynska, E. Pollet, K. Odelius, M. Hakkarainen and L. Avérous           

    Effect of oligo-hydroxyalkanoates on poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate)-based systems.

    Macromolecular Materials and Engineering (2015) 300:661-666.

    • D. Heinrich, M. Raberg and A. Steinbüchel

    Synthesis of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) from unrelated carbon sources in engineered Rhodospirillum rubrum.

    FEMS Microbiology Letters (2015) 362 (8):1-9.

    • D. Beneroso, J.M. Bermúdez, A. Arenillas, and J.A. Menéndez 

    Microwave pyrolysis of organic wastes for syngas-derived biopolymers production.

    In: Biofuels and Biorefineries 3: Production of Biofuels and Chemicals with Microwave (edited by Z. Fang, R.L. Smith & X. Qi), Springer Science + Business Media, Dordrecht (2015), Chapter 6:99-127.

    DOI 10.1007/978-94-017-9612-5_6


    • D. Beneroso, J.M. Bermúdez, A. Arenillas, and J.A. Menéndez     

    Comparing the composition of the synthesis-gas obtained from the pyrolysis of different organic residues for a potential use in the synthesis of bioplastics.

    Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis (2015) 111:55-63.

    • D. Beneroso, J.M. Bermúdez, A. Arenillas, and J.A. Menéndez 

    Influence of carrier gas on microwave-induced pyrolysis.

    Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis (2015) 113:153-157.


    • X. Yang, K. Odelius, M. Hakkarainen

    Microwave assisted reaction in green solvents recycles PHB to functional chemicals. 

    ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. (2014) 2:2198-2203. 


    • D. Beneroso, J.M. Bermúdez, A. Arenillas, and J.A. Menéndez 

    Integrated microwave drying, pyrolysis and gasification for valorisation of organic wastes to syngas.

    Fuel  (2014) 132:20‐26.

    • H.V. Westerhoff, A.N. Brooks, E. Simeonidis, R. García-Contreras, F. He, F.C. Boogerd, V.J. Jackson, V. Goncharuk and A. Kolodkin 

    Macromolecular networks and intelligence in microorganisms.

    Frontiers in Microbiology (2014) Volume 5: article 379 (pp. 1-15).

    • J. A. Valderrama, V. Shingler, M. Carmona and E. Díaz

    AccR is a master regulator involved in carbon catabolite repression of the anaerobic catabolism of aromatic compounds in Azoarcus sp. CIB.

    Journal of Biological Chemistry (2014) 289:1892-1904.


    • D. Beneroso, J.M. Bermúdez, A. Arenillas, and J.A. Menéndez  

    Influence of the microwave absorbent and moisture content on the microwave pyrolysis of an organic municipal solid waste.

    Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis (2014) 105:234‐240.   


    •     D. Beneroso, J.M. Bermúdez, A. Arenillas, and J.A. Menéndez  

    Microwave pyrolysis of microalgae for high syngas production.

    Bioresource Technology (2013) 144:240‐246.